Skip to content

What are the different types of coffee beans?

  • by

There are numerous varieties of coffee beans each with their own distinct set of particulars. Understanding the distinction between them is vital for those who want to get the most from their beans, and to make the best cup of coffee.

Stay tuned for our complete list of the top loved kinds of coffee beans as well as their distinctive characteristics.

What are the different kinds of beans used in coffee?

The four most sought-after varieties that coffee beans come from consist of Arabica, Robusta, Excelsa and Liberica. They all have distinct tastes.

Arabica is a worldwide favorite

Arabica is among the well-known variety of coffee that is available and accounts for more than 60% of the production of coffee globally. It’s the preferred coffee bean for coffee machines in industrial settings. Arabica coffee is derived by an Coffea arabica plant that is a native of Ethiopia.

Arabica coffee beans usually thought to be higher quality than other kinds of coffee beans because of their smooth and rich flavours.

These beans are more subtle, sweeter , and less sour flavor than other varieties of coffee. Due to the large number of Arabica cultivators and the various factors that affect the process of their growth and production, Arabica coffee beans from every farm and variety will have a completely different flavor profile. Arabica coffee also has lower levels of caffeine than Robusta coffee.

If it is made from top-quality Arabica beans Arabicica coffee has an almost sweet taste with subtle hints of chocolate, caramel, and nuts. There are also hints of berries and fruit.

Arabica beans, as with all coffee beans, are hard to grow in the majority of the world.

The most favorable conditions for growing coffee can be found in the region commonly referred to as”the “Bean Belt” or the “Coffee Belt.” The region lies situated between and between the Tropic of Cancer and the Tropic of Capricorn. The countries in this region have the ideal soil and climate which are ideal for coffee plants.

Arabica coffee needs particular conditions. The beans are usually produced at altitudes that are between 3000 to 6000 feet higher than sea levels and typically prefer areas with moderate temperatures, and that have plenty of shade as well as constant, frequent rainfall.

Despite their unique increasing circumstances, Arabica beans remain the most popular coffee bean variety due to their mild flavor with a lower caffeine content as well as various flavor profiles. The rich Arabica blends of beans like those from the Kokebi Intenso 100% blend are usually the most sought-after cold brews and iced drinks but some choose blends made with Robusta or other types of coffee beans to get a more intense flavor.

Robusta: a darker, deeper alternative

Robusta beans are second most popular beans in the marketplace.

Robusta beans are much more sought-after across Europe and Africa more than America and require different growing conditions in comparison to Arabica beans. They require irregular rain, as well as a very hot climate. They can be grown at different elevations. Robusta beans are grown across Africa as well as certain parts of Asia. The high levels of caffeine give the beans a powerful resistance to disease.

Robusta coffee beans yield an incredibly full-bodied cup of coffee than Arabica with notes of earth and bitter flavor. Many describe the smell that comes from Robusta coffee beans to be deep, strong and strong. The high levels of caffeine within Robusta coffee cherries Robusta coffee cherry could cause the coffee to taste acidic and bitter, therefore it is essential to achieve the perfect balance in blending and brewing coffee beans.

This is why Robusta beans are typically mixed together with Arabica beans, for instance with the Kokebi Leonardo blend. Combining Arabica and Robusta beans can result in an amazing cup of coffee that has a range of distinct flavors. The two kinds of beans complement one another in a way, with Robusta beans giving flavor and body to Arabica. This is a fantastic method to drink coffee with a distinct flavours that you might not be able to get from a single-origin cup.

Robusta is commonly utilized in blends of espresso like that of the Kokebi Super Crema blend, because it produces an improved ‘crema’ which is the creaminess layer that is atop the espresso shot.

Liberica is a lighter, more flavorful, and sweeter choice

The third kind that coffee beans are known as the Liberica bean.

The bean is a part of the Liberica coffee plant, which is a native of Liberia situated in West Africa and produces much larger, more irregularly shaped beans as compared to Arabica plants.

The Liberica bean is a rare commodity because the plant is hard to grow, which means that it hasn’t been capable of meeting the demands of global markets. In fact, Liberica coffee accounts for less than 2% of all commercially-produced coffee worldwide.

Coffee beans are renowned for its distinct flavor that is smoky and sweet with delicate floral and spicy undertones. Some believe they are Liberica coffee is more sweet than other varieties of coffee. Much like it’s cousin, the Robusta coffee bean Liberica beans can be included in blends of coffee to add more depth because its flavor profile differs from the Arabica bean.

Despite its strong taste, Liberica coffee has a lower amount of caffeine as Robusta or Arabica coffee.

Liberica coffee beans once enjoyed a huge amount of popularity due to their ability to resist the disease known as ‘coffee the rust’. In the latter part of the nineteenth century, the occurrence of coffee rust contributed to the destruction of significant portions of Arabica plants throughout the world and led to the growing popularity that is the Liberica plant that is immune to most diseases and pests.

Despite Liberica coffee’s historic significance however, the Arabica variety has recently regained popularity because of its delicate flavor. But, Liberica is said to be an absolute must-try for anyone who loves coffee because of its distinctive flavors. it a popular choice for many.

Excelsa is a rare and exclusive option

While it was first classified as a distinct species at the time of its classification in 2006 Excelsa can now be considered as a variation that is a variety of Liberica coffee. This, in conjunction with its distinct characteristics in comparison to the other Liberica coffees, frequently leads to it being thought to be the fourth kind of coffee bean commonly in use.

A small portion of Excelsa coffee beans can be made due to the labor involved during their production and an overall absence of desire to purchase the beans.

Although it is a product of Africa, Excelsa coffee is nowadays mainly produced by South East Asia. Based on the country, Excelsa could be considered to be the same type of coffee as Liberica when it is produced or be a distinct crop. The primary manufacturers of Excelsa coffee beans are Vietnam and in the Philippines, India, Malaysia and Indonesia.

While they are both considered to be as the same species Excelsa coffees and Liberica coffee are very different in their characteristics. Excelsa beans are typically smaller and more round. Excelsa beans are sweet, tart coffee with a fruity note but they are quite dark and strong. Because of this, Excelsa beans are frequently employed to provide richness of flavor and larger body to coffee blends.

The Liberica along with Excelsa coffee crop are afflicted by a lack of awareness and lack of market infrastructure, which makes less than 10% of the entire production of coffee.

Coffee that makes an impression

Whatever type of coffee you select, be assured that the best beans can make a cup that makes someone smile.

For more stories like these visit this coffee blog.